The origins of the museum collection date back to the year 1878, when the Minstry for Public Works, Trade and Industry issued instructions to the Directorate General for Postal Services for the creation of a postal museum. Following these instructions, the latter set up the museum and donated its first thirty pieces.
Today, the museum's heritage includes a valuable collection of artifacts dating from the 16th century to the present day, including an important collection of stamps from Portugal and almost all of the member countries of the Universal Postal Union (UPU).
The musem's heritage is grouped into large collections to faciliate its organisation and provide the best conditions for its handling, archiving and research.
This heritage is divided into three collections: the postal collection; the telecommunications collection; and the art and philatelic collection.
The museum's heritage entrusted to the Foundation can be found in:
- The Museu das Comunicações' permanent exhibition “Overcoming Distance: Five Centuries of Communications in Portugal” and temporary exhibitions;
Limited access and maximum security locations equipped with computerised ambient control systems for stabilising temperature and relative humidity conditions correctly.
The museum's heritage is catalogued on a computer database permitting consultation of information on each item including a digitised image.
Information is also made available on the Internet via the MatrizWeb Digital Catalogue.